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Vladimir Putin will Not Attend G20 Summit in India but Set to Visit China for Belt and Road forum


Global geopolitics is a complex dance of alliances, rivalries, and strategic maneuvering, and the recent decisions by Russian President Vladimir Putin to skip the G20 summit in India while planning to attend the Belt and Road Forum in China have triggered a flurry of speculation and analysis. These contrasting moves provide a unique lens through which to examine Russia’s shifting diplomatic priorities, its relationship with major global players, and the intricate dynamics of international politics.

The G20 Absence: A Diplomatic Puzzle

The decision by President Putin not to attend the G20 summit in India raises several intriguing questions about Russia’s diplomatic calculus:

  1. Bilateral Relations: Russia has maintained a strong relationship with India for decades. The absence of Putin from a major international event hosted by a close ally suggests a nuanced situation, possibly reflecting differing diplomatic priorities or the intricacies of their bilateral engagement.
  2. Domestic Considerations: Presidential duties often require leaders’ attention on domestic matters. Putin’s absence could be indicative of urgent domestic issues demanding his focus at this juncture.
  3. Geopolitical Dynamics: The G20 summit is a significant platform for global leaders to address pressing international issues. Putin’s absence might be a calculated move reflecting his assessment of the summit’s relevance to Russia’s immediate diplomatic goals.

The Belt and Road Forum: Exploring Vladimir Putin’s Strategic Shift

In contrast to Vladimir Putin’s absence from the G20, his scheduled attendance at the Belt and Road Forum in China signifies a shift in Russia’s geopolitical priorities:

  1. Economic Engagement: The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a massive Chinese-led infrastructure and economic development project. Russia’s participation could signal its interest in reaping economic benefits and enhancing connectivity through this expansive initiative.
  2. China-Russia Partnership: Vladimir Putin’s participation in the BRI forum underlines the evolving relationship between Russia and China. As both nations seek to counterbalance Western influence, their strategic alignment takes center stage on the global diplomatic landscape.
  3. Global Geopolitics: Russia’s involvement in the BRI could serve as a means to assert its relevance in global geopolitics. As the balance of power shifts, Russia’s strategic moves contribute to reshaping the contours of international relations.

The Broader Implications

Putin’s dual decisions reflect the intricate web of diplomacy and strategy:

  1. Multi-Vector Diplomacy: Russia has long practiced a policy of multi-vector diplomacy, skillfully navigating relations with various global players. These decisions exemplify Russia’s ability to manage multiple diplomatic avenues simultaneously.
  2. Economic Pragmatism: Participating in the BRI aligns with Russia’s pursuit of economic opportunities. Amidst economic uncertainties, such engagements can offer avenues for growth and development.
  3. Shifting Alliances: The G20 absence and the BRI participation exemplify Russia’s agility in recalibrating alliances based on geopolitical contexts. These moves underscore the pragmatism that guides Russia’s foreign policy decisions.

Vladimir putinStrengthening Bonds: Russia-China Relations

The relationship between Russia and China has been progressively evolving into a formidable alliance, driven by shared interests and complementary strategic goals. This partnership has been underscored by extensive diplomatic engagements, economic agreements, and collaborative efforts across various sectors. The upcoming visit of Vladimir Putin to China further solidifies the diplomatic bonhomie between the two nations.

The Belt and Road Forum, a flagship initiative of China’s foreign policy, seeks to promote infrastructural and economic connectivity across Asia, Europe, and Africa. This forum provides a platform for participating countries to discuss and collaborate on large-scale infrastructure projects, trade agreements, and economic development strategies. Vladimir Putin’s participation in this event underscores Russia’s willingness to engage proactively in discussions concerning regional connectivity, trade, and investment.

Economic Implications

Economically, the alignment of Russia with China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) holds significant promise. Russia’s vast landmass and abundant natural resources are valuable assets that can contribute substantially to the realisation of the BRI’s ambitious goals. The potential integration of Russia’s resources, particularly in energy and transportation sectors, could lend impetus to the realisation of mega-projects, including high-speed railways, pipelines, and ports that span continents.

Moreover, as both nations face Western sanctions and trade tensions with other global powers, deepening economic cooperation can provide a buffer against external pressures. Trade agreements, joint ventures, and collaborative economic projects can enhance the resilience of both economies, potentially reducing their dependence on traditional trade partners.

Geopolitical Significance

Beyond economics, the strategic implications of Putin’s visit are far-reaching. Russia and China’s alignment on key global issues, including the Iran nuclear deal and opposition to unilateralism, reflects a shared stance against dominant Western influence. Their joint endeavour’s in international organisations like the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) and BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) further underline their commitment to multipolar diplomacy.

The growing partnership between Russia and China has implications for global power dynamics. It challenges the traditional Western-led order and provides an alternative narrative for international cooperation and development. While not forming a military alliance, their alignment signals a united front against hegemony, often resonating with countries seeking a more balanced world order.

Security Cooperation

The bilateral relationship between Russia and China also extends to security cooperation. Their joint military exercises, most notably the Vostok drills, serve as demonstrations of their combined military might. This strategic collaboration fosters regional stability, particularly in Central Asia, where both nations have vested interests.

Furthermore, their mutual support in regional conflicts, such as the Syrian crisis, showcases a shared approach to global governance. As both nations have veto power in the United Nations Security Council, their diplomatic synergy has implications for shaping international discourse on critical issues.

Potential Challenges

While the Russia-China partnership is marked by cooperation, it’s not without challenges. Historically, the two nations have had periods of mistrust and rivalry. Balancing their individual national interests with collective ambitions can lead to tensions, especially considering their proximity in Central Asia.

Additionally, China’s expanding influence and economic penetration into the Russian Far East have raised concerns among some Russian policymakers. Striking the right balance between cooperation and safeguarding sovereignty remains an ongoing challenge.


Russian President Vladimir Putin’s upcoming visit to China for the Belt and Road Forum signifies a crucial step in the deepening ties between these two influential nations. Beyond the economic implications, their strategic alignment challenges the traditional global power structure and offers an alternative vision for international cooperation. As the world continues to grapple with shifting geopolitical dynamics, the convergence of Russia and China’s interests bears profound implications for regional stability and the course of global politics. As leaders gather for the Belt and Road Forum, the world will be watching closely to discern the outcomes and repercussions of this momentous meeting.