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India’s 1st 700 MWe Nuclear power plant starts in kakrapar Gujarat


India’s historic journey in the realm of nuclear energy reached a significant milestone with the inauguration of its first domestically developed 700 MWe nuclear power reactor at the Kakrapar Atomic Power Project (KAPP) in Gujarat. This achievement, celebrated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, marks a remarkable stride towards self-reliance in the field of nuclear power generation.

what is 700 MWe Nuclear power plant

Nuclear power plantA 700 MWe Nuclear Power Plant is a substantial contributor to a country’s energy infrastructure. With a capacity of 700 megawatts, it has the potential to provide electricity to hundreds of thousands of homes and businesses, significantly reducing reliance on fossil fuels and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. These power plants are often part of a nation’s strategy to diversify its energy mix and ensure a stable supply of electricity.

The “MWe” designation stands for “megawatts electric,” indicating that the power plant’s output is in the form of electrical energy. Achieving and maintaining such a high level of electrical power generation is a complex and sophisticated endeavour, requiring cutting-edge technology, rigorous safety protocols, and highly trained personnel.

One notable aspect of a 700 MWe Nuclear Power Plant is its ability to provide baseload power. Baseload power plants, like nuclear facilities, are capable of running continuously and reliably, making them a critical component of a stable electrical grid. They can operate around the clock, providing a consistent supply of electricity regardless of fluctuations in demand.

In recent years, many countries have recognised the importance of nuclear power as a low-carbon and dependable energy source, particularly in the context of efforts to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change. The construction and operation of such nuclear power plants often involve substantial investments in infrastructure, research, and safety measures.

In conclusion, a 700 MWe Nuclear Power Plant represents a significant piece of a nation’s energy infrastructure, capable of providing a substantial amount of clean and reliable electricity. As countries continue to grapple with the challenges of meeting energy demands while reducing environmental impact, these nuclear power plants play a crucial role in the pursuit of sustainable and resilient energy systems.

Prime Minister’s Praise:

Prime Minister Modi, expressing his pride and optimism, took to the social media platform X to share his thoughts: “India has reached another historic milestone. The largest indigenous 700 MWe Kakrapar Nuclear Power Plant Unit-3 in Gujarat is now fully operational. My congratulations to our dedicated scientists and engineers.” This acknowledgment underscored the significance of this achievement and the tireless efforts of India’s scientific community.

India’s Nuclear Power Prowess:

The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), operating under the aegis of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), shoulders the responsibility of designing, constructing, commissioning, and operating nuclear power reactors in the country. Currently, NPCIL manages 23 commercial nuclear power reactors, boasting a collective capacity of 7480 MW. Among these are two Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs), 19 Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs), and two 1000 MW capacity VVER reactors. Notably, Kakrapar Atomic Power Project (KAPP) Unit 3 commenced commercial operation on June 30, 2023, adding a significant boost to India’s nuclear energy landscape. Moreover, NPCIL has an ambitious agenda with nine additional reactors under construction, with a combined capacity of 7500 MW.

Expansion and Progress:

The expansion of India’s nuclear power infrastructure is well underway. NPCIL is currently in the process of constructing two 700 MW pressurised heavy water reactors (PHWRs) at Kakrapar, alongside the existing 220 MW power plants. With ongoing commissioning activities at KAPP 4, where substantial progress has already been achieved, the nation’s energy future looks promising.

NPCIL envisions the establishment of 16 more 700 MW PHWRs across India, a commitment underlined by financial and administrative approvals. Construction of 700 MW nuclear power plants is also actively advancing in Rawatbhata, Rajasthan (RAPS 7 and 8), and Gorakhpur, Haryana (GHAVP 1 and 2). The government’s authorisation for the construction of ten indigenously developed PHWRs at various locations further reinforces India’s position as a growing nuclear energy powerhouse.


India’s journey towards energy self-sufficiency through nuclear power has reached a pivotal juncture with the successful commencement of operations at the Kakrapar Atomic Power Project Unit 3. Prime Minister Modi’s words of appreciation mirror the collective pride of the nation in this remarkable achievement. With ambitious plans for expansion and modernization in the nuclear energy sector, India’s future shines brightly as it continues to harness the power of atoms to meet its growing energy demands and contribute to a sustainable and secure future.